Salt is one of the most common chemical compounds found in living organisms and in our oceans. It is an essential nutrient in animals, and it plays an important role in many of the chemicals that regulate our bodies. The nature of salt is complex and fascinating, yet we often take it for granted.
Salts are the chemical nature of salt explained that form when metals or nonmetals react with acids and bases. They are ionic in nature and have a crystalline structure. Salts are also brittle and have high melting and boiling points. Most of the salts we know and use are crystalline compounds formed from sodium (Na+) and chlorine (Cl-). However, there are double salts and mixed salts as well as acids that can react with ions to produce salts.
Sodium Chloride Unveiled: Understanding the Nature of Salt
The word “salt” is derived from the Latin, sal, and the Greek, halos. It is used in a variety of languages including English, French, German and Dutch. The mineral form of salt is called halite or rock salt. It is abundant in the dry Zagros Mountains of Iran and in sedimentary deposits on every continent. Rock salt also forms in arid deserts.
Our body requires a minimum amount of salt daily, but we can consume too much. Excessive intake has been linked to cardiovascular problems and stroke. Salt is a necessary nutrient and can add taste to food. In fact, salt can potentiate flavor by suppressing bitterness and releasing palatable tastes.